In a previous post about why we should make active voice writing the default, I gave some passive voice sentences and asked you to think about why I used them. Here are my answers:
1. At some point, my Dutch students were taught that you have to write in the passive voice to be formal.
Here, I don’t actually know the subject of my active voice sentence. I could make a guess: “Their high school teachers/Society/The national education system/Someone taught my Dutch students that you have to write in the passive voice to be formal.” I also wanted to put emphasis on the Dutch students and not who taught them.
2. Passive voice is frequently used as a way to remove the subject from the sentence.
Who uses passive voice as a way to remove the subject from the sentence? Well, we all do. I could add a subject: “We/Everyone/People use passive voice as a way to remove the subject…” but because that is such a general subject, I felt that it didn’t add anything to my sentence. In placing “Passive Voice” at the beginning of the sentence, I could emphasize it, which is logical since that’s what my blog post was about.
3. While much can be said about the passive voice,…
Here again I don’t have a subject. Who is saying much about the passive voice? No idea–maybe you, maybe me, maybe your English teacher? Not only do I remove an unimportant or unknown subject, I also put emphasis on the verb.
4. Rather, passive voice can be used to put emphasis on different parts of the sentence,…
This is obvious now, right? Who can use passive voice to put emphasis on different parts of the sentence? I don’t know–I’ve left that purposefully vague by using the passive voice. I’ve also emphasized “passive voice” by placing it in the beginning of the sentence.
To summarize, we frequently use passive voice when
- We don’t have a subject or our subject is very general or unimportant to the context
- We want to put emphasis on another part of the sentence (the object or verb usually) by placing it at the beginning of the sentence.